Investments in Russian bonds

Российские облигации, облигации российских эмитентов

Domestic bonds Russian issuers can be divided into three main groups: federal debt, subfederal′nye, then there are securities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and corporate. In our conditions, corporate bonds produce, more often than not, banks.

Russian bonds

Russian bonds






  • The possibility of investing a large amount of cash.
  • A certain profit is guaranteed by the issuer.
  • Lowest brokerage Commission.


  • The risk of bankruptcy of the issuer.
  • No protection against devaluation and inflation.
  • Do not fall under the guarantee of bank deposits

Overview of the instrument

Features of investing in bonds

Buying bonds is a type of investment, that gives a guaranteed income. When you do this, you need at least two reservations. Firstly, market value of securities can vary significantly with time. As a result, in order, to get the promised amount of fully, you have to wait until maturity.

Secondly, for a while, While bond is in circulation, income may be completely destroyed by inflation or devaluation of the national currency, or, and other.

Russian bonds: reliability factor

The main danger of investing in Russian bonds — the potential default of the issuer. Some protection from this risk can be considered to be assigned credit worthiness ratings. However, assign ratings, as Russian, and international, in fact, no guarantees are given.

With a certain degree of certainty we can say that, reliability of bonds evaluates the market and its participants. So, If the yield varying securities substantially higher competing investment products, We can say with confidence, that risk of buying such a tool is significantly higher. Such Russian bonds risk averse investors better bypass.

On the stock exchange there is a special term — the so-called junk bonds. This is securities, risk which is so great, that they are not suitable for investors, not ready for potential losses for profit.

The third way is to independently collect information about issuers and assess their. For this purpose there are information disclosure system. Company, releasing to the market Russian bonds, publish their accounts. And in any case, an investor cannot forget common sense: always first of all ask yourself the question, due to which the issuer intends to pay off your debt.

Russian bonds or bank deposit

In fact, nowadays one of the most active issuers of Russian bonds in the market — banks. They release securities in order, to attract money, Firstly, If possible, cheaper, than deposits, and secondly, with guaranteed period, because the loss of cent deposits can be withdrawn at any time.

In this situation the question, How to earn on bonds, It seems not very important. Russian investments in bonds with yields above, than deposit, There is some doubt. And it means, such securities are less interesting for private investors.

However, Russian bonds in certain situations may be of interest to major market participants, who are hoping to receive income not only at the end of the period, but also due to the exchange rate difference is then, When the interest rate should be lowered.

How to earn on bonds

The main area for Russian bonds trade in rubles — The Moscow stock exchange. Alternative monetary option — Eurobond market.

On the Russian domestic market transactions with bonds are made through brokers.

Traditionally, the Commission for operations with debt securities below, than for transactions with shares.

Russian bonds in the growing market will bring less income, than shares. However, it makes sense to keep at least part of the portfolio in these securities, because they are considered more reliable. When the stock market falls, the, who bought Russian bonds, still turns out to be at least some profit, waiting for maturity.

Example of use

Current yield bonds:

Current yield formula bonds

Coupon yield of bonds:

Coupon yield of bonds



Full yield coupon bonds:

Full yield bonds



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